Multicultural double pass on the fan mile

Wm: "vacation on germany" and break from racism?

Everything is open. Jurgen klinsmann has already unbuttoned his shirt, his facial muscles have relaxed again, and ronaldinho always has his mouth open and smiles, even if there is sometimes nothing to laugh at. Germany is in fubball fever, there has never been so much black-red-gold, from no-go-areas debates (cf. Special caution in the east) have become fan mile hysteria, politics is currently only in the side room, the new aubenminister heibt franz beckenbauer. What happened? Everyone jerks together, no one tightens the belt, window panes are rolled down, pants and blouses are open. Now the post goes off, germany opens up. But for whom?

The world is a guest of friends. And apart from a few incidents, when on the day of the match between germany and poland about 120 hooligans caused a ruckus in the city center of dortmund, nothing bad has happened so far. Germany seems cheerful, a little over-euphoric, a little state of emergency.

Maybe soccer is the contribution to the multiculturalism of the summer

Measured by numbers, it really is. One in four players in the german team now has a migrant background, and if you look at the german bundesliga, the proportion of foreign players is now 43 percent, compared to the first year of the bundesliga in 1963.

A turnaround in football policy was the famous bosman ruling in 1995, the decision of the european court of justice that annulled the transfer regulations in force until then, and then also the foreign restrictions in team sports. This means: foreign players can now be used in almost unlimited numbers in the bundesliga.

Something grows together. But the levers of player restrictions apply only to the first and second leagues, since amateur sports clubs are non-profit associations and not commercial enterprises. As a result, football has become a multilateral and multicultural battle at the very top of the republic, where it ultimately interests the masses.

But now, just before the world cup, the country was suddenly shaken, whole areas were declared no-go areas, the africa council and the international league for human rights even published a kind of guidebook called "advice on what to do in the event of racist attacks" in five languages – "dangerous places" for foreigners and guests from other countries were listed. In addition, even before the world cup, right-wing hooligans from all nations announced their presence, using the slogan "the guest to the world with friends" with racist dirt.

"Fc germany 06"

Does anyone remember the no-go areas now?? At the moment, everyone seems to be on leave from all the squabbles, worries and grades; statistics on right-wing extremist violence and hartz 4 are at best on paper at the moment. Only goals count, and whoever comes up with something like that is a killjoy.

For this you have done a lot. Fubball has been politicized for years, perhaps even politics is now fubballized. The social scientist christina holtz-bacha has described this process in her collective work "fubball television politics" only briefly aptly described. The world championship should actually take place shortly before the federal election 2006 – had there been no early new elections. Ex-chancellor gerhard schroder presented already in november 2004 the campaign "fc germany 06" so germany’s role as host was to be linked to economic interests.

Now the world cup has become exactly this desired financial spectacle with about two billion euros in additional revenue, german flags everywhere. What it brings to the country’s political cadres? If you do a little research, you’ll notice that defeats for the national team seem to be followed by political defeats, while important victories can help decide elections, and precede the electoral successes of governments.

That was after the world championship titles, the "miracle of bern" this was the case in 1954, when konrad adenauer and the cdu subsequently won an absolute majority in the bundestag; it was no different after the 1974 world cup title, when the spd remained in power and helmut schmidt became chancellor. Gerhard schroder, on the other hand, left, but before the world cup. Now angela merkel wears the hat, does a bit of health care reform in the background, but no one cares.

It is not a world cup, it is a presentation world cup

Nobody is interested in the no-go-areas and integration debates, germany prefers to integrate the whole world. And to make sure that it all works out, a lot has been done. The security debate (cf. On the way to a preventive security state) was placed in the penalty area of the republic before the world cup, more than 7.000 registered violent offenses from the register kept in the country since 1994 "violent sports" were screened out. They were neither given cards nor allowed to behave and move around in the country like any other normal person – just under 2.000 known "radelsfuhrer" were even visited at home or at work and admonished.

Many of them had to report to the local police and were not allowed to attend public viewing events. So-called detention centers have also been set up for world cup perpetrators, and the police are also trying to deal with foreign hooligans: football fans who are already banned for violence and enter germany are not even allowed in because they are refused entry.

It’s not a world cup, it’s a presentation world cup. Everything and everyone should remain relaxed, after all, the world should not be a guest of nazis, nor should the world be a guest in jail. Twelve stadiums in germany have therefore been transformed into presentation zones of the republic, where every passport number is noted, everything is controlled and works. For at least a month, the coexistence between cultures and nations in this country should now succeed.

In soccer, it’s like on political stages: problems have been outsourced, and they are attributed to one group. Right-wing extremism and racism, which to a certain extent have only been observed in stadiums since the 1980s, after a first surge was seen in england and then moved to germany, are now seen as an exclusive problem of right-wing hooligans. This is in line with the traditional discourse of highlighting situations by naming them, and at the same time giving the rest a free pass to democracy. Because where you manage to prevent racism in the stadiums or not to let certain groups into the stadiums in the first place, there can be no more racism problem.

Decrease of "visible and audible racism"

For years they have been trying to ban racism from the stands. In most of the stadiums of the first league today strong controls are already carried out at the entrances, right-wing symbols are confiscated, quite a few clubs have included anti-racism clauses in their stadium regulations. Enhanced surveillance methods and sensitized law enforcement personnel also ensure that overt racism is avoided as far as possible. And only a few weeks ago, fifa even decided that clubs are now threatened with a points deduction if racist incidents occur in their arenas. In case of repetition there will be a forced relegation.

Everything should be in the cellar. And then it is where it is anyway. One effect of stronger stadium regulations is that racist incidents have not only been shifting outside the arenas for a long time, but are also increasingly occurring in the lower leagues. In the first bundesliga, the social scientist sabine behn was able to show in a study about "changes in spectator behavior in professional soccer" even a decrease of the "visible and audible racism" . However, this says little about a possible change in the attitude of the masses in the stands.

For sanctions prevent and shift possible racist potential, and the appearance of right-wing extremists has simply changed; since the right has also discovered the dress codes of the left, it is no longer all that visible who wants to be left, right or center (cf. What is a skinhead, what does he look like today??). And just in the lower leagues the right shoe prints, that again particularly in the new landern, here one prints however also at the same time rather times an eye too, if for instance energy cottbus fans demonstratively with the transparentspruch "we are female" – show flag. In the premier league, again, there is an effort to get a handle on the racism problem, because there is the media, there is the observer, there is the scandal.

However, stronger regulations do not solve racism problem. And to this day, too little attention has been paid to the question of where racism actually begins, let alone which circumstances increase racism. Up to now you could get there via a "vulgar racism", as frantz fanon once called it, understood as all too obvious hostility towards people on the basis of ascritical characteristics such as skin color, not beyond. But this is only half the truth, when football fans sing the anthem "zig zag gypsy pack" intonation or the referee as "jude" gets booed when he gives the wrong penalty.

Cost-benefit calculation measured by the goal ratio

The whole truth is sometimes more difficult and also a little uncomfortable. Because the problem of racism in football goes beyond that of "protoracism" furthermore. It is now an outgrowth of modern socialization that, in contrast to earlier eras such as the colonial era, people of other origins are excluded by being included in the system. It is no different in soccer, foreign players are bought in roughly, measured by their status, their position in the club as well as their income, they are even structurally preferred – in contrast to migrants living here (cf. Do not come in, just look!). You don’t even need a german passport.

And the reasons for exclusion are simply more complex: racism in football works even without exclusion from one’s own ‘we’ group. Players with black skin color are also cheered on by racists, who see themselves as part of ‘their" elf and therefore also for ‘their’ players" players. They are happy when david odonkor crosses and oliver neuville scores in injury time against the poles. At the same time, black players from other teams are pelted with bananas. And if the stars of the national team don’t score, the populist argument goes round that how should the german team be able to compete internationally if only foreigners are allowed to play? "Foreigners" played in the first league.

That way, german players could not gain any playing experience. Plotz foreigners take away from the germans the midfield places. From "foreign glut" is then the speech (sport picture), or that something does not "wrong" could be wrong, if only "two teutons in the starting lineups" in bundesliga teams (according to dfb president gerhard mayer-vorfelder). At the same time, demands are being made, for example by bayern apologist uli hoeneb, that it should be possible to buy players like ronaldinho into the bundesliga, he meant bayern munchen, in view of the fact that bayern really played a shitty champions league.

The acceptance of foreign players in professional soccer still corresponds to a kind of cost-benefit calculation, which is ultimately measured by the goal ratio: whoever brings something to the table, prevents opposing goals, scores his own goals or provides good assists, is welcome. But if you fail, it can become unpleasant for you. It is precisely then that differences become absolute. And that’s not something you had to look for on the far right fringe.

"Absolutely easy to care for"

Nor has the increase in foreign players in the leagues softened any ethnic boundaries to date, on the contrary. Again and again, biological differences are taken for granted and cemented, corresponding behaviors are derived, and you don’t have to look in the party program of the npd for that either. Whether the nordlander "are more reliable and more adaptive" than "yugoslavs" (uli hoeneb), that the czechs are not to be seen and heard, that they are therefore "absolutely easy to care for" (rudi assauer), or whether the germans have something in their "something in the blood" in their blood, "that the whole world envies us for" (franz beckenbauer). The construction of the other is, after all, always also a construction of one’s own, and thus also of one’s own identity.

It is difficult, however, to separate one’s own from the other, because how can one still recognize what it means to be german, for example, in the national team?? And does it make sense if basturk and marcelinho are cheered on at hertha bsc, but there are quite a few racists in the fan block? Interestingly, the racist potential in the ranks has developed analogously to the increase in the proportion of foreign players in the bundesliga in recent decades. Especially then it seems to be important to mark borders, when nobody knows anymore who is standing where, the person of a different color is also kicking in the own team and the opponent can at best be recognized by his jersey.

One’s own group is always a construct, so are national identity and the other. And enemy images as well as ideological fragments remain interchangeable. And such arbitrariness becomes clear not least in the example of the extreme right, which shows itself to be relatively willing to cooperate with one another on an international level, organizes international right-wing rock concerts, there are even international band lineups in some places. In general, a process of transnationalization of the extreme right has been proceeding analogously to other forms of transnationalization since the 1980s. The cement that holds the extreme right together is the female race, the fight against the global, against big capital and against the multicultural society infected by the jews.

"Globalized anti-globalists"

On the national level, on the other hand, nationalism is growing stronger and stronger, which is why the political scientist thomas grumke aptly called it "globalized anti-globalists". This flexible handling was also demonstrated at the world cup by the example of the npd, which suddenly wanted to get involved in the action from the right-wing sidelines, attempted to greet the iranian team at the airport, chanting slogans such as "solidarity with iran" to receive. Iranian president mahmoud ahmadinejad has repeatedly denied the holocaust and declared that israel must disappear from the world map.

Here the right-wing extremists feel understood. At the same time the racist world championship planner of the npd betrayed with the slogan "female – not only a jersey color – for a real national team", that thereby no alliance is to be closed to tolerance, it softens no ethnic borders. Straight iranian-origin correspond to the prototype of a "foreigner", who will not be very welcome not only in npd, but also in a no-go-area.

Fubball is global culture. Right-wing extremism and racism, however, have become equally established in the ranks, even though there are now many left-wing fans and fan initiatives, not only at fc. St. Pauli. Also on an international level something is happening, the cross-country initiative "football against racism in europe" (fare) was supported by the european commission and the european football association uefa against discrimination. This takes the fight against those "vulgar racism" or better: against those right-wing ultra groups. However, right-wing tendencies or racist attributions are by no means only to be found in these ultra-groups.

Fubball-multikulti as a principle of utility, the recognition of the other for a time, when it becomes one’s own, or when it gives one advantages, reveals a lot about the current situation, for example on the labor market. The conditions for immigrants to enter and remain in the federal republic have been tightened in recent decades, while at the same time demands are being made that the country needs more migration to compensate for the shortage of skilled workers in specific sectors and to close the demographic gap. The country is therefore dependent on "foreigners who are useful to us". The sport of soccer is not unaffected by such formulations of usefulness.

Everything becomes more colorful, but everything also remains black-red-gold. And for a long time there has not been so much germany and fubball as at present, the half-time pizza between the game halves, the black-red-gold mohawk comb on the motorcycle helmet, and the germany condom can there only be a matter of time. The klinsmanners have shot themselves into the hearts of the nation. Is that bad now? Are we experiencing a new unrestrained patriotism, even an increased nationalism?? No one needs to call antifa when black-red-gold flags are waving out of the window or when someone writes germany on his forehead.

We also just want to play

Because here nothing new bursts from the national gefuge, nothing that had already existed before the anstob against costa-rica. That is rather the worrying thing. Because the goals of lahm, klose and co. Were at best an outlet for something that already existed before, the desire for community, for uninhibited national pride, to be able to be german, and one only asks oneself: why does one need that?? Perhaps one should not raise the question of what could be positive about such patriotism, but how negative it could be? You only need to leaf through the history books a little bit. And for a long time it has not been as easy as it is now to say germany out loud without being suspected of it and getting involved in a discussion about germany’s past. Now there is a four-week basis of legitimacy. The motto: we just want to play too.

All perhaps only a "substitute nationalism" on time, as the bielefeld historian hans-ulrich wehler called it? Ultimately, we will have to wait and see what happens after the world cup or after the game, when germany is eliminated. At the moment, perhaps it is simply a matter of a vacation in germany, a short vacation from the reform backlog, a time of togetherness, when there is otherwise so much individual struggle. Neighborhood relations are suddenly activated, cow barriers are filled with beer together and the backyard, including the big screen, is declared a nationally supervised zone. It’s only a matter of concern when play and seriousness are confused, and that’s nothing new in football and not surprising, especially at the present time.

At the moment, the german elf is doing well, so it’s no wonder that you can laugh a bit, be good to germany and sell yourself as hospitable. Long-term solidarity, however, always has something to do with the wallet. Because the guests from all over the world will remain guests, they will leave again, therefore they are not real competitors on the labor market. Therefore, there is no real competitive situation.

However, the fact that the demand for establishment prerogatives and competitive xenophobia have been on the rise in germany for years, as the right-wing extremism researcher wilhelm heitmeyer has shown with his research series "german state" shows, the curve of right-wing extremist violence is also pointing upwards, but at the same time the whole of germany is running free as a multicultural partner for the double pass on the fan mile, that does seem a little strange. Because competitive feelings and racist potential will certainly exist even after the final whistle of the world cup.

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: